Medici Fortress
Also known as the Fortress of Santa Barbara, the Medici Fortress of Siena is now the place where many Sienese go for a walk or run, both for the tranquility it offers, both because from the terraces and ramparts you have a remarkable panoramic view of the city. It was built in 1563 by Cosimo I de' Medici, Duke of Florence, in the place where the Spanish had already built a "citadel", then razed to the ground by the Sienese in revolt. And in fact it never had defensive purposes of the city, but it always served instead as a barracks for foreign rulers. The fortress is all brick, resting on a shoe base topped by a large cord, always in brick and the entire outer perimeter of the fortress is about 1,500 meters. At the end of the eighteenth century, in fact, the fortress was demilitarized and transformed into a public garden in connection with the Lizza, so called because once there were the exercises of chivalry.

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