The cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, or cathedral of Florence, is the main Florentine church, symbol of the city. Today it is the third largest church in Europe. It stands on the foundations of the ancient cathedral of Florence, the church of Santa Reparata, in a point of the city that has housed buildings of worship since Roman times.
The plan of the Duomo is composed of a three-nave basilica body welded to an enormous tricyonic rotunda supporting Brunelleschi's immense dome, the largest masonry dome ever built. Inside you can see the largest surface ever decorated with frescoes: 3600 m², executed between 1572-1579 by Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari. At the base of the marble lantern there is a panoramic terrace overlooking the city located 91 meters from the ground. The facade of the Duomo in polychrome marble is of the modern era, it dates back to 1887 by Emilio de Fabris and is an important example of neo-Gothic style in Italy.
It is the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Florence and can hold up to thirty thousand people. It has the dignity of a minor basilica.